Learning environment: types and how to create a positive one

The learning environment includes all the physical, emotional and cultural conditions that are conducive to the proper development of the...
12 March 2024

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Learning environment: types and how to create a positive one

The learning environment includes all the physical, emotional and cultural conditions that are conducive to the proper development of the student.

The classes as physical or virtual spaces, the contents, the strategies and pedagogical dynamics proposed by the teacher or even the culture of the center are decisive. 

There are different types of learning environments that we will talk about in this article. In addition, we will help you how to create a positive one.

What is the learning environment?

The learning environment is the set of physical conditions offered to the students, together with other factors such as the culture and ethics of the school, the teacher’s methodology and the type of content they learn with, which influence their educational development. 

Learning environment: types and how to create a positive one

For this reason, this type of environment can be subject to multiple definitions depending on the desired approach because it can be open or closed, physical or virtual, structured or disruptive, supervised or unsupervised, etc. 

Likewise, the classroom can be passive –the learner receives the information– or active –the learner is the engine of his or her own learning–. 

However, all learning environments have one thing in common: they must serve a clear purpose of providing solutions to problems and access to the appropriate materials for students to achieve their educational goals. 

An effective process allows students to improve their motivation, build constructive relationships with peers and teachers and understand the importance of learning. 

The process must take place in a healthy and inclusive educational context, taking into account each student’s way of learning in order to optimize their education on equal terms. 

4 types of learning environments

In the classification that we will show you below, we have focused on how the teacher sets up a class, because it is an element that determines the type which, in turn, influences the nature of the exchanges to be produced in it. 

In current teaching methods, it is common to find a combination of the following 4 types of learning environments.


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Learner-centered environment

It is designed to meet the individual and group needs of the learners. 

This means that learners are at the center of the learning process and are involved in selecting the content to be consumed. 

It is typical of what is often called adaptative learning, where the material is adapted to the learner and technology plays an important role. 

Knowledge-centered environment

In this type of environment, the learning material is key and serves the learner to achieve the set goals

This requires that the instruction is structured and follows a pre-established roadmap. 

The educational content supports can be multiple, both online and offline, and must be useful, relevant, effective and engage the learner’s interest. 

Assessment-centered environment

In these contexts, different education types of assessments are carried out, which serve as feedback to analyze the learner’s progress and the effectiveness of the proposed content and learning methods. 

The teacher becomes a guide to help students achieve their goals.

Community-centered environment

This type of learning environment focuses on building a community in the classroom where collaboration, interaction and respect help students develop their learning. 

These are contexts in which discovery learning can be developed, in which students acquire knowledge on their own through experience and which lend themselves well to group work such as workshops or field work.

The importance of a positive learning environment

The importance of a positive learning environment

The importance of a positive learning environment lies in the benefits it provides for your students’ learning. 

The following is a list of some of these benefits

  • Enhances learning and performance. 
  • Increases student retention of information.
  • Promotes teamwork and helps resolve conflicts. 
  • Promotes understanding of the importance of learning, increasing motivation and classroom engagement.
  • Increases students’ self-esteem and confidence. 
  • Creates inclusive and healthy spaces for sharing.

How to create a positive learning environment

A positive learning environment is based on the 3 pillars of quality learning: 

  1. Effectiveness.
  2. Connectedness.
  3. Cohesion. 

By working on these aspects, you can create a positive learning and sharing space, i.e. a safe, healthy, equitable and inclusive environment that allows the maximum use of knowledge.

An equitable and inclusive learning environment

An equitable and inclusive environment takes into account the differences between students by adapting the content to each of them so that everyone has access to the same opportunities. 

The stimuli provided by the teacher must therefore be varied and adaptable. For example, one student may learn better by listening than another by reading. 

Learning by doing can be effective in developing skills such as creativity, teamwork or decision making, while promoting autonomous learning. 

A positive learning environment is accessible at the Learning to learn level and is based on a variety of strategies from which all learners can benefit, regardless of their status or ability. 

4 types of learning environments

Healthy and safe learning environment

As in business, creating a positive school climate is essential for success. 

When people feel valued and loved, they are more likely to actively participate in their learning and healthy relationships are more likely to develop. 

It is important to consider the emotional climate in your classroom and develop strategic skills such as active listening, empathy, respect and collaboration. 

You can introduce cooperative learning techniques such as Peer Tutoring, Group Investigation or Reciprocal Teaching. 

Technology is very relevant when implementing how to create a positive learning environment thanks to the many tools it provides to accompany students in their development, such as Learning Management Systems (LMS). 

Similarly, you can enrich and improve your assessments thanks to our proctoring plans which allow you to create learning environments that are safe, inclusive and respect the privacy of your students. Don’t hesitate to request a free demo. Let us show you how we can help take your teaching to the next level.


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